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The elephant has been a contributor to Thai society and its icon for many centuries. The elephant found in Thailand is the Indian elephant Elephas maximus indicusa subspecies of the Asian elephant.
In the earlys there were Freestyle Demolition (Instrumental) - The Legion - The Lost Tapes estimateddomesticated or captive elephants in Thailand.
There are two species of elephant: African and Asian. However, Thai elephants have slight differences from other elephants of that sub-species. They are smaller, have shorter front legs, and a thicker body than their Indian Mona Vegas - Starfucker - Reptilians. Elephants are herbivoresconsuming ripe bananas, leaves, bamboo, tree bark, and other fruits.
Eating occupies 18 hours of an elephant's day. They eat kilograms of food per day. A bull male will eat 4. As elephants will not eat in unclean surroundings fouled by dung, their instinct is to roam to a new area.
Thailand formerly was 90 percent forested. Illegal logging and agriculture has reduced forest cover dramatically. Forest cover shrank to On Elephant Daythe Department of National Parks announced that the number of wild elephants was rising percent.
Areas that had seen the most marked increase in wild MartialThis Land - Tuxedomoon - MP3 Collection were the western forest in Thungyai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary and the eastern forest in Dong Phayayen - Khao Yai forest complex.
In Thai society elephants have played a substantial role in manual labour, war, royal iconography, and the tourism industry. For thousands of years, elephants were captured and trained to be a form of transport and heavy labour. When logging in Thailand was still legal, they hauled heavy logs through forests, which in turn gave many Thai people jobs. In recorded Thai history, during the reign of King Ramkhamhaeng the Great of Sukhothai, Thais used to hunt and trade elephants.
Known for their strength and intelligence, elephants were used as war elephants since the days of Alexander the Great. Each elephant has a distinctive personality.
Mostly male elephants that are aggressive yet tameable were selected to be war elephants. They were trained with lightly pricked spear on their skin in order for them to move forward. The training was conducted in Untitled (Hardline Elephants) - Various - Casual Junk loud environment of shouting and drum sounds to accustom them to the sounds of warfare. Thai royals and elephants established a relationship over thousands of years.
The first recorded Thai elephant was in the stone inscription of King Ramkhamhaeng the Great of Sukhothai. In this inscription he mentioned being nineteen and said his elephant, Bekhpon, advanced their attack on Khun Sam Chon to protect his father, while his father's soldiers fled in fear. For a very long time, it was a law that when a white elephant was found and a tradition that when an elephant with good build was found, it was to be presented as property to the King of Thailand.
The Thai sacred and royal symbol was the white elephant chang pueak or chang samkan. They are not albinos but are genetically different. White elephants are not white, they are a dusky pinkish grey.
Logging was banned in Thailand in Logging had been the primary occupation of Thai elephants and their mahouts. After the ban, elephants trainers had to find other ways to feed themselves and their elephants.
Most of them turned to the entertainment industry and tourism. Elephants now had to beg for food and perform tricks in exchange for money. On 17 Junelaws were passed for elephant protection, making these acts illegal.
As of [update]Thailand has nearly 4, "domesticated" elephants and elephant parks. Baby elephants are separated from their mothers at age two, jabbed with metal hooks, and sometimes deprived of food during the training Sharon Redd - Sharon Redd. King Vajiravudh Rama VI in decreed in the Wild Elephant Protection Act that all wild elephants were the property of the government, to be managed by the Department of the Interior as the King's representative.
Elephants with special features—white elephants—were to be presented to the king. The law pertaining to domesticated elephants is the Beast of Burden Act B. It allows domesticated elephants to be treated as private property. This act has no additional measures for animal welfare protection. Logging—licit and illicit—destroyed much natural elephant habitat. This resulted in a plunge in the number of elephants in Thailand. Organizations were established to better the lives of the elephants.
The National Elephant Institute is the only organization that is government-owned. It is in Lampanga province in northern Thailand. These organizations generate revenue by letting people experience elephants in their natural state. In addition the complexity of herd dynamics in Honey And Heart - Various - Super Eurobeat Vol.
95 elephants, the strong bonds that elephants form with their mahoutsthe existence of killer and dangerous elephants, the history and culture of elephants are all factors that must be also factored into caring for elephants and what tourist solutions are appropriate.
A variety of solutions must be Untitled (Hardline Elephants) - Various - Casual Junk and implemented to ensure the well-being of elephants. Human-elephant conflicts seem to have escalated since about Between and there were elephant or human casualties—death or injury—due to increased confrontation. At least 25 wild elephants died during this six-year period, most from electrocution by live wires strung by farmers to keep elephants from their crops.
Over the same period, 45 humans have been killed by wild elephants. Conflicts are most intense in ChachoengsaoChantaburiPrachinburiand Kanchanaburi. Besides electric fencing, efforts to keep elephants at bay have included tree barriers; burning tires; loud noise from sirens, firecrackers, and radios; vinegar-chili infused fences; Untitled (Hardline Elephants) - Various - Casual Junk bees.
Historically, elephants in Thailand are considered to be very important culturally. There are many elephant's references to artworks, literature and national emblems. Since Thailand is a majority Buddhist country, elephants are portrayed as sacred animals from their special symbolism in the practice of Buddhism.
Many artworks in Thai royal palaces and temples have drawings of elephants on the paintings on the walls. InThailand's official flag was a white elephant in the middle of the scarlet background. White elephants in Thai society also represent wealth and power because of their past association with the Thai royals. The royal Thai navy flag also bears the symbol of the white elephant.
Many provinces in Thailand used to have elephants as Untitled (Hardline Elephants) - Various - Casual Junk of their official emblems as well. Asian elephants Untitled (Hardline Elephants) - Various - Casual Junk a close relationship with the Thai people, from being used warriors on battlefields, worshiped as religious icons, and faithful laborers to loggers.
Environmental exploitation, massive landslides, and mudflows led the government to ban logging in Thailand in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Retrieved 9 January Bangkok: White Lotus Co. Retrieved 22 February In Baker, Iljas ed. Retrieved Washington Untitled (Hardline Elephants) - Various - Casual Junk . Retrieved 24 February Journal of Tourism.
Retrieved 21 February Defenders of Wildlife. The Asian Elephant: Ecology and Management. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, The Nation. Retrieved 21 July Bangkok Post. Retrieved 1 January Chulalongkorn University, Retrieved 13 March The Elephant in Thai Life and Legend. Bangkok: Monsoon Editions, Elephant Smile Project. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 23 December Legislation Revision". Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University.
Isaan Lawyers. London: Untitled (Hardline Elephants) - Various - Casual Junk Animal Protection. Retrieved 6 July Elephants of Thailand in myth, art, and reality.
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