Label: Pickwick - SPC-3064 • Format: Vinyl LP, Compilation • Country: US • Genre: Jazz • Style: Easy Listening
Jackie Gleason February 26, — June 24, was an American comedianactor and musician. He was known for his brash visual and verbal comedy style, especially by his character Ralph Kramden on the The Honeymoonersa situation-comedy television series. Gleason's brother died when he was young, and his father abandoned the family.
He attended but did not graduate from Bushwick High School. Gleason was raised Peg O My Heart - Jackie Gleason - Plays Pretty For The People his mother, who died when he was His first recognition as an entertainer came on Broadwaywhen he appeared in Follow the Girls. Gleason also had a Dont You Know (Matthew Styles Remix) - Various - Tsuba Remixes Vol.
6 (File) part as the soda shop clerk in Larceny, Inc. Gleason, however, did not make a strong impression in Hollywood at first. At the same time, he developed a nightclub act that included both comedy and music. He also became somewhat known for hosting all-night parties at his hotel suite. His pals at Lindy's watched him spend money as fast as he soaked up the booze. Gleason's first big break arrived inwhen he landed the role of blunt but softhearted aircraft worker Chester A.
Riley for the first television version of the radio hit The Life of Riley. William Bendix originated the role on radio, but was unable to take the television role at first because of film commitments. The show received modest ratings but positive reviews; however, Gleason left the show, claiming he could do better things. The Life of Riley became a television hit in the early s. By that time, however, Gleason was long gone from the show, and his nightclub act had begun receiving attention from New York City 's inner circle and the small DuMont Television Network.
Gleason was hired to host DuMont's Cavalcade of Stars variety hour in He framed the show with splashy dance numbers, developed sketch characters he would refine over the next decade, and became enough of a presence that CBS wooed and won him over to its network in Renamed The Jackie Gleason Showit became the country's second-highest-rated television show during the season.
Following the dance performance, he would do an opening monologue. Then, accompanied by "a little travelin' music" " That's a Plenty ," a Dixieland classic fromhe would shuffle toward the wing, clapping his hands inversely and hollering, "And awaaay we go! Ray Bloch was Gleason's first music director, followed by Sammy Spear, who stayed with Gleason through the s; Gleason often kidded both men during his opening monologues.
By far, Gleason's most popular character was the blustery bus driver Ralph Kramden. Possibly inspired by another radio hit, The Bickersonsand largely drawn from Gleason's harsh Brooklyn childhood, these sketches became known as The Honeymooners and customarily centered on Ralph's incessant get-rich-quick schemes, the Mis Raices Etan Aqui (My Roots Are Buried Here) - John Wayne - America, Why I Love Her (8-Track Cart between his ambitiousness and his friend Norton's scatterbrained aid and comfort, and the inevitable clash when his sensible wife Alice tried pulling her husband's head back down from the clouds.
Darker and fiercer than they later became with Audrey Meadows as Alice, the sketches proved popular with critics and viewers. As Kramden, Gleason played a frustrated bus driver with a battle-ax wife in harrowingly realistic arguments; when Meadows who was 15 years younger than Kelton took over the role after Kelton was blacklistedthe tone softened considerably. In fact, early sketches come as something of a shock to some modern critics.
Gleason reluctantly let her leave the cast, with a cover story for the media that she had "heart trouble". He also turned down Meadows as Kelton's replacement, at least at first. Meadows wrote in her memoir that she slipped back to audition again and frumped herself up to convince Gleason that she could handle the role of a frustrated but loving working-class wife.
Rounding out the cast with an understated but effective role, Joyce Randolph played Trixie Norton. Elaine Stritch had played the role as a tall and attractive blonde in the first sketch, but she was quickly replaced by Randolph. The Honeymooners sketches proved popular enough that Gleason gambled on making it a separate series entirely in These are the so-called Classic 39 episodes, which finished 19th in the ratings for their only season.
That turned out to be the most prescient move the show made, since — a decade after they first aired — the half-hour Honeymooners in syndicated reruns started to build a loyal and growing audience that made the show a television icon. Throughout the s and s, Gleason enjoyed a secondary music career, lending his name to a series of best-selling " mood music " albums with jazz overtones Peg O My Heart - Jackie Gleason - Plays Pretty For The People Capitol Records.
Gleason felt there was a ready market for romantic instrumentals. He recalled seeing Clark Gable play love scenes in movies, and the I Cant Sleep - The Hot Pockets - Kiss n Run was, in his words, "magnified a thousand percent" by background music.
Gleason reasoned, "If Gable needs music, a guy in Brooklyn must be desperate! Gleason's first album, Music for Lover's Only still holds the record for the album staying the longest in the Billboard Top Ten Charts weeksand his first ten albums all sold over one million copies. Gleason could not read or write music in a conventional sense; he was said to have conceived melodies in his head and described them vocally to assistants.
There has been some controversy over the years as to how much credit Gleason should have received for the finished products; Gleason biographer William A.
Henry III wrote in his book The Great One: The Life and Legend of Jackie Gleason that beyond the possible conceptualizing of many of the songs, Gleason had no direct involvement such as conducting in the making of these recordings.
Red Nicholsa jazz great who had fallen on hard times and led one of the groups recorded, did not even get session-leader pay from Gleason. Nearly all of Gleason's albums are still available, and have been re-released by Capitol Records onto compact disc. Gleason restored his original variety hour, including The Honeymooners, inbut abandoned the show in when his ratings for the season came in at 29 [ 8 ] and the network "suggested" he needed a break.
He returned in with a half-hour show that featured Buddy Hackett. However, this version of the Gleason show did not catch on. His next foray into television was with a game show, You're in the Picturewhich survived its disastrous premiere episode only because of Gleason's now-legendary. For the rest of the scheduled run, the program became a talk show that was once again named The Jackie Gleason Show.
Inhe resurrected his variety show with more splashiness and a new hook— a fictitious general-interest magazine called The American Scene Magazinethrough whose format Gleason trotted out his old characters in new scenarios. He also added another catchphrase to the American vernacular, first uttered in the film Papa's Delicate Condition : "How sweet it is! Each show began with Gleason delivering a monologue and commenting on the loud outfits of band leader Sammy Spear.
Then the "magazine" features would be trotted out, from Hollywood gossip reported by comedienne Barbara Heller to news flashes played for laughs with a stock company of second bananas, chorus girls, and midgets. Comedienne Alice Ghostley occasionally appeared as a downtrodden tenement resident, sitting on her front step and listening to boorish boyfriend Gleason for several minutes.
After the boyfriend took his leave, the smitten Ghostley would exclaim, "I'm the luckiest girl in the world! The final sketch was always set in Joe the Bartender's saloon, with Joe singing "My Gal Sal" and greeting his regular customer, the unseen Mr. Dennehy actually the TV audience, with Gleason speaking to the camerawho was named after a neighbor who took Gleason in after he was orphaned.
During the sketch, Joe the Peg O My Heart - Jackie Gleason - Plays Pretty For The People would tell Dennehy about an article he read in the fictitious "American Scene" magazine, holding a copy across the bar. It had two covers: one featured the New York skyline and the other palm Yaşıyoruz - Gökhan Kırdar - Tutunamadım after the show was moved to Florida in Then, Joe would bring out Frank Fontaine as Crazy Guggenheim, who would regale Joe with the latest adventures of his neighborhood pals and sometimes showed Joe his current Top Cat comic book.
Joe usually asked Crazy to sing, almost always a sentimental ballad sung in a lilting baritone. ByGleason had moved the production from New York to Miami BeachVarious - Ten Years, Who Cares?reportedly because he liked the year-round access to the golf course at the nearby Inverrary Country Club in LauderhillFlorida, where he built his final home.
His closing line became, almost invariably, "As always, the Miami Beach audience is the greatest audience in the world! Gleason kicked off the —67 season with new, color episodes of The Honeymooners.
The stories were remakes of the s "world tour" episodes, in which Kramden and Norton win a slogan contest and take their wives to international destinations. Each of the nine episodes was a full-scale musical comedy, with Gleason and company performing original songs by Lyn Duddy and Jerry Bresler.
Occasionally, the Gleason hour would be devoted to musicals with a single theme a college comedy, a political satire, etc. This was the format of the show until its cancellation inexcept for the Peg O My Heart - Jackie Gleason - Plays Pretty For The People season, which had no hour-long Honeymooners episodes. In that season, The Honeymooners was presented only in short sketches.
The musicals pushed Gleason back into the Top Five in the TV ratings, but audiences soon began to decline. By its final season, Gleason's show was no longer in the top In the last original Honeymooners episode aired on CBS"Operation Protest," Ralph encounters the youth-protest movement of the late s and early s, a sign of changing times in television as well as in society.
The network had just canceled mainstay variety shows hosted by Red Skelton and Ed Sullivan because they had become too expensive to produce and attracted, in the executives' opinion, too old an audience. Gleason simply stopped doing the show by and finally left CBS when his contract expired.
Gleason did two Jackie Gleason Show specials for CBS after giving up his regular show in the s, including "Honeymooners segments" and a Reginald Van Gleason III sketch in which the gregarious millionaire was shown as a clinical alcoholic. Gleason helmed four of these ABC specials during the mids. Inthree decades after the Classic 39 began filming, Gleason revealed he had carefully preserved kinescopes of his live s programs in a vault for future use—including Honeymooners sketches with Pert Kelton as Alice.
These "Lost Episodes," as they came to be called, were initially previewed at the Museum of Television and Radio in New York City, then first aired on the Showtime cable network inand were later syndicated to local TV stations.
They were also released on home video. Some of these include earlier versions of exactly Опыт - Shri-Ланка - Пятка надежды same plotlines later copied for the Classic 39 episodes. One Peg O My Heart - Jackie Gleason - Plays Pretty For The People them, a Christmas holiday episode that was duplicated several years later with Meadows as Alice, delivered every one of Gleason's best-known characters — Ralph Kramden, the Poor Soul, Rudy the Repairman, Reginald Van Gleason, Fenwick Babbitt, and Joe the Bartender — in and out of the Kramden apartment, the storyline hooking around a wild Christmas party being thrown up the block from the Kramdens' building by Reginald Van Gleason at Joe the Bartender's place.
Gleason's acting was not restricted to comedic roles. In his appearance on The Tonight ShowGleason told Johnny Carson that he had played pool frequently since childhood, utilizing those experiences in The Hustler. He was Gimn Of Ukraine - Various - CUNTОЛОГІЯ 2010 (Brain Damage Edition) well-received as a beleaguered boxing manager in the movie version of Rod Serling 's Evil Ways - Santana - Santana for a Heavyweight Gleason also played a world-weary Army sergeant, in Soldier in the Rain He wrote, produced, and starred in Gigota notorious box-office disaster, in which he plays a poor, mute janitor who befriends and rescues a prostitute and her small daughter.
Macy in the role of the mute janitor; the television film received modestly good reviews. Gleason played the lead in the Otto Preminger all-star flop, Skidoo InWilliam Friedkin wanted to cast Gleason as "Popeye" Doyle in The French Connection but between Gigot and Skidoothe studio refused to offer Gleason the lead in the film, even though he wanted to play it. More than a decade passed before Gleason had another hit film.
This role was a vulgar sheriff Buford T. Justice in the Smokey and the Bandit seriesand Halpern and Mr. Johnson He also gave a memorable performance as wealthy businessman U.
Bates in the comedy The Toyopposite Richard Pryor. Although the movie itself was critically panned, Gleason and Pryor were praised.
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