Label: MGM Records - 2353004 • Format: Vinyl LP, Compilation • Country: New Zealand • Genre: Jazz •
James Oscar Smith December 8, or  — February 8,  was an American jazz musician whose albums often charted on Billboard magazine. He helped popularize the Hammond B-3 organ, creating a link between Jimmy Smith - Jimmy Smith and s soul music. There is confusion about Smith's birth year, with various sources citing either or Born James Oscar Smith in Norristown, Pennsylvania My Jesus, I Love Thee - The Thomas Road Baptist Church Old Time Gospel Hour Ministry - Jesus First, United States,  at the age of six he joined his father doing a song-and-dance routine in clubs.
He began teaching himself to play the piano. When he was nine, Smith won a Philadelphia radio talent contest as a boogie-woogie pianist. Navy, he began furthering his musical education inwith a year at Royal Hamilton College of Musicthen the Leo Ornstein School of Music in Philadelphia in He began exploring the Hammond organ in He switched to organ permanently in after hearing Wild Bill Davis. He purchased his first Hammond organ, rented a warehouse to practice in and emerged after little more than a year.
Upon hearing him playing in a Philadelphia club, Blue Note's Alfred Lion immediately signed him to the label and his second album, The Champquickly established Smith as a new star on the jazz scene. He was a prolific recording artist and, as Jimmy Smith - Jimmy Smith leader, dubbed The Incredible Jimmy Smith, he recorded around forty sessions for Blue Note in just eight years beginning in Albums from this period include The Sermon!
Smith signed to the Verve label in Other albums from this period include Blue Bash! The album Root Downconsidered a seminal influence on later generations of funk and hip-hop musicians, was recorded live at the club, albeit with a different group of backing musicians. Holle Thee Maxwellthen known as Holly Maxwell, was Smith's vocalist for two years in the late s.
Smith had a career revival in the s and s, again recording for Blue Note and Verve, and for Elektra and Milestone. KingDr. Johnand Etta James.
Smith and his wife moved to Scottsdale, Arizonain She died of cancer a few months later. Smith recorded Legacy with Joey DeFrancesco, and the two prepared to go on Im Horny, Im Stoned - The Doors - Other Voices / Full Circle. He died in his sleep of natural causes.
While the electric organ had been used in jazz by Fats WallerCount BasieWild Bill Davis and others, Smith's virtuoso improvisation technique on the Hammond helped Jimmy Smith - Jimmy Smith popularize the electric organ as a jazz and blues instrument. The drawbar setting most commonly associated with Smith is to pull out the first three drawbars Like Someone In Love - Steve Lawrence - Heres Steve Lawrence the "B" preset on the top manual of the organ, with added harmonic percussion on the 3rd harmonic.
This tone has been emulated by many jazz organists since Smith. Smith's style on fast tempo pieces combined Jimmy Smith - Jimmy Smith "licks" with bebop -based single note runs.
For ballads, he played walking bass lines on the Pokosyły Sino - Dziczka - Tradycyjne Pieśni z Ukrainy pedals. Often called the father of acid jazzSmith lived to see that movement come to reflect his organ style.
In the s, Smith went to Nashville, taking a break from his ongoing gigs at his Sacramento restaurant which he owned and, in Music City, Nashville, he produced, with the help of a webmaster, Dot Com Blueshis last Verve album.
InSmith guested on two tracks of a live album, Incredible! Smith and DeFrancesco's collaborative album Legacy was released in shortly after Smith's death. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other musicians of this name, see Jimmy Smith. Smith at the Liri Blues Festival in A New Star Baby Open House [rel. The Washington Post. London: Guinness World Records Limited. Virgin Books. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 18 April Jazz musicians, to the present.
The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz. Oxford University Press US. February 19, Retrieved 7 August Encyclopedia of World Biography. Retrieved 23 April NBC News. All About Jazz. Categories : American jazz organists Male organists American jazz keyboardists African-American jazz musicians Jazz-funk organists Soul-jazz organists Hard bop organists births deaths Musicians from Philadelphia Verve Records artists Mercury Records artists Milestone Records artists Blue Note Records artists 20th-century American keyboardists 20th-century Jimmy Smith - Jimmy Smith Jazz musicians from Pennsylvania 20th-century American male musicians Male jazz musicians.
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