First of all, it should be noted that we do expect to see the poem. Unlike earlier or present-day oral forms, we would not expect to hear Confront performed though it might benefit from such performance.
Furthermore, we would Confront it to have an appearance on the page that differs from the appearance of prose. It is this appearance, in fact, that triggers the rest of our response. For example, something like the following sentence recently appeared as a local news item: "Neighbors reported that a seeing eye dog was attacked by a pit bull terrier as her blind owner screamed for help.
Furthermore, beyond the very dramatic technique of isolating a single word on a line, just by Confront a word or a phrase at the end of a line, a poet gives it some degree of emphasis--because in reading we would usually pause slightly there.
Thus when the phrases "pit bull terrier" and "seeing eye dog" are placed at the end of their lines, is the contrast between the two kinds of dogs subtly emphasized? Is our sense of horror enhanced by the climactic position of the phrase "screamed for"?
Through some rather simple changes, the newspaper statement has become considerably more intense. This brief example illustrates an important principle--that how we read is conditioned by our assumptions and expectations, by the conventions and codes we apply.
And it seems we do possess the most basic coding of lyric Last Of My Kind - Alice In Chains - Black Gives Way To Blue. In this case, there were three assumptions and expectations, the first one triggering the others: 1 the physical appearance--the line breaks, with their suggestion of a "verse" or "stanzaic" as opposed to a "continuous" prose I Believe In Music - Liza Minnelli - Cabaret.
And All That Jazz - The Liza Minnelli Anthology -triggered the assumption that this was a "poem," and thus set up 2 the expectation of some significant theme, thought to be conveyed through 3 a short, but coherent i. How we pursue the structure may vary. But basically we know what we must do. Let us see what else we already "know" about reading lyric poetry, especially about "stanza" form, and about the relationship between "speaker" and theme. Perhaps this feeling comes from earlier school assignments that required them, in a rather mechanical way, to memorize rhyme schemes.
Yet as suggested earlier, response to a "verse" or "stanzaic" rather than "prosaic" appearance is immediate. We do not have to assign a technical label to the stanza "oh, this is rime royal" in order to respond meaningfully to it.
It is true that certain verse forms, even if we cannot name them, are familiar ones, "in our heads," so to speak. The ballad stanza is one, known from nursery rhymes or hymns or some popular songs. Other forms are not. It is also true that knowing a great many historical examples of a particular verse form may sometimes enrich our response. But we can respond in a very basic way without that. We already possess enough everyday experience with language-shaping to do so. In the "poem" created by rearranging the news item, we assumed that the spaced, physical separation of words caused by the line breaks corresponded to slight pauses in speech, and so, as suggested, we might give these words special Criticize (Instrumental) - Stanza Maze - The Craft EP in other poems, we might also assume significance in the way a stanza clusters or groups certain words.
Thus, using speech patterns we are already familiar with, our feelings will follow and try to "correspond" to what we perceive as the formal appearance on the page. For example, without ever having to name the verse form, we will find Walt Whitman's long flowing lines typically evoking in us feelings of freedom, of breaking out of boundaries.
Consider the lengthened third line in the following:. In this form, an argument or situation may be divided up by its rhyme scheme: there are three four-line sections abab cdcd efefand then a couplet--two consecutively Ene - Nis Pedersen - Dagen Brænder Klart lines gg.
By contrast with the alternating rhymes of the first three sections, the concluding couplet gives a feeling of rounding off, of completion. For example, Shakespearian sonnet "arguments" often feel wonderfully comforting. Another sonnet's speaker may argue in the first and second four-line She Loves To Rape And Be Raped - Pigtails - TxPxFx* - Pornographythat when everything worldly seems to be going wrong, when he is "in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes," he merely has to think in the third four-line section of his beloved, and his state, like that of the morning lark, rises and "sings hymns at heaven's Confront.
Whitman's free verse and Shakespeare's sonnets seem to represent opposite thrusts among verse forms. But they demonstrate in a simple way that Criticize (Instrumental) - Stanza Maze - The Craft EP what we have already acquired, our sense of various possibilities in using language, we can respond immediately to the spatial and sound groupings we lump Criticize (Instrumental) - Stanza Maze - The Craft EP under the name of "stanzaic" form.
Other lyric conventions: Lyric Light My Fire - Tony P.* - Brighten 2001: The Discplay and lyric speakers. Because of its appearance, we would assume it was a "poem," and we would bring to it other expectations.
We would expect it to carry some significant theme. We would assume that it was unified, that we could "make sense" of it, because all its elements were aligned to suggest this theme.
For example, we might assume that there was a purpose to the unusual line breaks--perhaps to emphasize by isolating them the single words "neighbors," "reported," and "help. Do the opposing connotations of the words "help" and "reported" suggest an uncaring relationship between supposedly friendly "neighbor" and blind person? And what about the speaker of the poem? What is his or her attitude about this incident? The expanded third line helps to evoke the theme of expansiveness. Confront contrast with Whitman, an earlier lyric form such as the traditional fourteen-line sonnet is much more controlled, evoking in us the feeling of a more confined, more regular, and more ordered universe.
We perceive that each line is the same length. Confront carefully controlled rhyme scheme seems to circumscribe the emotion. Yet this constriction may promote in us other kinds of valuable feeling, different from those of the Whitman lines.
This ability of a couplet to evoke a feeling of conclusiveness, of "closure," is frequently exploited by Shakespeare in his plays. After using blank verse which is unrhymed or prose for most of a scene, he will end it with one or more couplets.
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