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There is something about boat and water that sends romance churning in our hearts, and simply the sight of Baby Rock & Roll - Muddy Waters - Got My Mojo Working boat can inspire a reverie.
I wrote those words in the first edition of my sailing manual, The Annapolis Book of Seamanship, in Take a wide-brim hat, a waterproof jacket, nonskid sneakers and, of course, a life jacket that fits you securely. Wipe on a gob or two of high-SPF sun lotion, and take the tube with you so you can continue to apply it lavishly.
Before heading out, write up a float plan including your itinerary and important contacts and share it with your friends and family, or your sailing club. A bigger boat can be boarded via the side deck, but even it may sway and settle a little. Forget about looking graceful. Take advantage of any handhold you can grab.
Once everyone is on board, the skipper must assert command. If the boat has a motor, it can be used to get away from the mooring or dock into open water before setting sail. Start by setting the mainsail, the big sail. The boom will flop around, so keep your head low and consider controlling it with a line called a preventer. When the skipper says to cast off, up goes the jib, the smaller sail on the bow, also with a loose sheet.
Start Yarn - Thoughts On Air - Paleo Sails the boat hanging off the mooring or pier; the sails will luff because the wind is blowing from directly ahead. As the backed jib pulls the bow off, cast off the mooring. Once the wind is on that side, trim the jib to the correct side while also trimming the mainsail as the boat accelerates.
In this way, the sails help steer the boat. An entertaining and educational exercise is to sail a boat toward a buoy or other target on a reach, with the wind coming from the side or beam of the boat, and do a series of slow weaves as the sheets are eased and trimmed.
When the skipper at the helm and the sail trimmers are in sync, everything goes well see Figure 1, Yarn - Thoughts On Air - Paleo Sails If you get nervous, slow down by easing the sails until they are just half-filled with wind. Practice changing tacks. Since we are talking about steering, this may be the place to encourage you to steer from the windward side of the tiller or wheel.
One phenomenon of sailing is that as the boat speeds up or slows down, the wind seems to change direction and force. Sails are trimmed to the apparent wind. While all those devices indicate the wind direction, none of them tells you if your sails are trimmed correctly for that direction.
Sails are airfoils, with a deep curve that redirects the apparent wind to produce a force that pulls the boat forward somewhat like a wing lifting an airplane off a runway. As airfoils, sails should be trimmed to suit the wind, and the boat should sail the most effective angle to that wind. A simple, effective indicator of that sailing angle is a set of short lengths of special telltales — yarn or ribbons — that are sewn or glued to sails. Some telltales are placed on the jib, near its leading edge the luffon both sides of the sail.
But one pair about halfway up the sail should do the job. Other telltales are secured, one at a time, on the trailing edge of the mainsail the leechor at least at or near the second batten from the top. The jib telltales on both sides of the sail should stream aft most of the time, with the windward ones lifting slightly from time to time.
The mainsail leech telltale should stream aft about half the time. An inch or two of sail trim or ease can get them flowing again and make the boat sail faster. The basic rule is that more maneuverable boats must give way change course to avoid boats that are less maneuverable and that, therefore, may continue on their course, giving them right of way. There are a few other basic rules. When one boat Pavlovs Dog - Pampered Menial overtaking another, no matter what type, the overtaking boat must give way.
When boats under power meet each other bow to bow, they each should turn to starboard so they pass port side to port side. And when sailboats are sailing near each other, without engines turned Improvisation 102b - Henry Kaiser, Andrea Centazzo, Toshinori Kondo - Protocol, the one on the port tack with the wind coming over the port side is obliged to give way to the one on starboard tack.
But even if the rules give you the right of way, proceed just as sensibly and defensively as you would when you face the realities of wind and sea at other times in open waters. Congratulations on taking the first step toward what, for so many of us sailors, has become an enjoyable, lifelong pursuit.
Renowned sailing writer John Rousmaniere has logged over 40, nautical miles of bluewater sailing, including nine Newport-Bermuda races. Menu Sign Up. Understanding the various points of sail is critical to operating a sailboat safely and efficiently. As Yarn - Thoughts On Air - Paleo Sails sail farther away from the wind direction, ease the sheets for peak performance.
Illustration by Mark Smith. Points of Sail. Getting Underway. Trim your sails accordingly left. Tacking Yarn - Thoughts On Air - Paleo Sails boat is the act of changing course by swinging the bow of the boat through the direction of the wind.
Trimming and Tacking. Using Telltales. Rules of the Road. Latest Destinations. How To. Beneteau Oceanis Catalina Named Overall Boat of the Year. Excess Best Midsize Cruising Catamaran.
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